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Cow Feces: Fertilize and Help Plantations to Disease Attacks

Doc. InfoSAWIT
Cow Feces: Fertilize and Help Plantations to Disease Attacks

InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA - Cico Jhon Karunia Simamora of Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Tanjungpura said that feces of cow, though it may be taken as regular waste, actually, it has complex materials and structures which are useful. There are important materials in feces of cow that plants need. The structures have significant roles to absorb nutrition and escalate land fertility.

One interesting fact is that in feces of cow, there are materials within complex and similar compositions. Microbe that lives in the soil that could be found in feces of cow, plays important roles to change the complex organic materials, such as, cellulose. The enzymes produced by microbe could break organic materials to be simpler components and the plants would be easily absorbing.

For instance, microbe found in feces of cow could produce enzymes which are responsible to phenol degradation. Phenol is one kind of material which is always found in feces of cow. It is toxic but the microbe would change phenol to be safer materials and would not endanger the environment.

Besides, the microbe also plays its roles to change the components, such as, lignin in plants. This would help decomposition of feces of cow which in the end, it escalates nutrient availability for plants.

Feces of cow is also the spot for useful microbes to develop. Some abundant microbes in feces of cow are Bacillus subtilis, Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, and Thermophilus, they play important roles as bio-control agent. They would help fight pathogen and make plant defense to the disease attack.

Bacillus subtilis is known to produce Peptides and Lipopeptides anti-fungus through metabolism. This would slow down germination and cleavage of vegetative cell of Ganoderma Boninense.

One sample of anti-fungus product from Bacillus spp. and Streptomyces spp. is Daptomisin. (T2)

For more, please read Majalah InfoSAWIT, February 2024