InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – It is admitted or not, partnership scheme could help to accelerate smallholders replanting program (SRP) that should cover 540 thousand hectares. To realize partnership scheme, Ministry of Agriculture published Regulation of Minister of Agriculture Number 03 / 2022 about Human Resource Development, Research and Development, Replanting, and Infrastructure in Palm Oil Plantation.
Director of Freshness and Annual Plant, General Directorate of Plantation Ministry of Agriculture, Hendratmojo Bagus Hudoro said that palm oil plantations in Indonesia laid about 16,38 million hectares in total. Of the numbers, about 6,94 million hectares were smallholders’ plantations. As time goes by, it is predicted 2,8 million hectares of the smallholders’ ones are potential to get SRP.
“Of 2,8 million hectares to get SRP, most of the numbers belong to plasma and independent smallholders that laid about 2,29 million hectares; then the plantations who joined PIRBUN that laid about 0,14 million hectares; and plasma PIR-TRANS/PIR-KKPA that laid about 0,37 million hectares," Bagus said in a webinar of Forum Wartawan Pertanian (Forwatan) with the theme "Pola Kemitraan Mempercepat PSR dan Kesejahteraan Petani", Thursday (28/4/2022), that InfoSAWIT joined.
Hendratmojo also mentioned, the main target of SRP is the smallholders. Since 2020, SRP covered 540 thousand hectares of the smallholders’ plantation just like President Joko Widodo suggested. In every year, the government targeted to realize 180 thousand hectares. But the realization was difficult for many filed issues and challenges.
Data from General Directorate of Plantation, the widest SRP realization covered 92.066 hectares in 2020 but in 2021, the realization significantly got much narrower to be 27.747 hectares only.
"The narrow SRP realization is the notice for us so that the next year – realization should be better to accelerate,” he said.
He admitted, SRP is not easy to do. In his presentation, there were four issues to face in SRP, they were, legal areas, stakeholders’ supports, the planters’ interests, and planters’ institutions.
“The biggest challenge is the legal areas. We found that many planters have no land documents still, their plantations are indicated to be in forest regions, and the overlapping map with business rights, and other rights,” he explained.
These impacted to SRP realization which just covered 1.582 hectares by April 2022. One thing to ease the access and reach SRP was facilitated by the publication of Regulation of Minister of Agriculture Number 03 / 2022.
In the regulation, the mechanism to SRP proposal can be in two ways, they are, from agency in district/city; and in partnership. Bagus told, partnership scheme could accelerate SRP realization. By this way, the groups/institutions of smallholders can do partnership with the plantation companies and propose it to Palm Oil Plantation Fund Management Agency (PFMA).
Executive Director of Indonesian Palm Oil Association (IPOA), Mukti Sardjono did welcome the partnership scheme in SRP to involve the companies. It is the strategic ways to escalate palm oil industrial operation by synergizing the advantages of every stakeholder.
From 2016 - 2021, the members of IPOA that became the partners to SRP reached 68 companies by taking 147 groups. Mukti mentioned, by the advantages of big plantation companies to cultivate, nurse, market, and facilitate the plantations, partnership cooperation would escalate the plantation productivity and income of the planters themselves.
“IPOA wants to conduct partnership scheme within mutual and sustainable profits (for both sides). That is why it needs to arrange memorandum of understanding that bonds both sides,” he said.
Mukti also admitted, the legal areas would be difficult to realize SRP. For instance, the smallholders’ plantations who joined PIR-Trans and PIR-BUN laid about 513.927 hectares and would be potential to get SRP. Actually, they developed theirs since 1977 and can be categorized to get SRP for the plantations are more than 25 years old. They have groups, unions, and in general they got certificates.
“But when they were proposed to get SRP, most of the former PIR – smallholders’ plantations are indicated in forest regions. This is strange for they have land documents but their plantations are claimed to be in forest regions,” he said. (T2)