Indonesia’s Commitment to Reduce Emission: Chance for the Youn Generations to Survive

Indonesia’s Commitment to Reduce Emission: Chance for the Youn Generations to Survive

InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – The report of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) about mitigation which was published on 4 April 2022 firmly claimed that Indonesia should react now to emission reduction globally to half numbers in 2030 to resist global warming – not more than 1,5 degree. Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) of many countries would lead us to global warming 2,8 degree in 2100, or more than the safe climate at 1,5 degree.

The report firmly said that emission reduction in agriculture, forestry, and other land use (AFOLU) change could help emission reduction globally in the big scale but could not compensate to postpone emission reduction in other sectors. “That is why, the government should commit to do two things in the same time, they are, fossil energy reduction drastically, maintain and recover what has left in the nature that plays big roles to absorb green-house gas (GHG) emission from the atmosphere for the young generations in Indonesia to survive. Indonesia needs to protect the remains of forest landscape, do not cultivate or dry peat, maintain and recover mangrove massively,” Executive Director of Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Nadia Hadad said in response to IPCC reports about the mitigation.

Madani’s special study revealed that about 9,7 million hectares in the natural forests in Indonesia and 2,9 million hectares of peat ecosystem out of permit/concession and regions which were allocated to social forestry are not protected by (a) policies to stop publishing new permits. The natural forests should be immediately protected by regulations.

Besides, there are natural forests that have permits/palm oil concession, such as, Izin Usaha Pemanfaatan Hasil Hutan Kayu pada Hutan Alam (IUPHHK-HA), Izin Usaha Pemanfaatan Hasil Hutan Kayu pada Hutan Tanaman (IUPHHK-HT), mineral, coal, gas and oil concession that reached about 27,2 million hectares should have strategies to maintain those.

“The Government of Indonesia decided the ambitious targets of FOLU Net Sink 2030 that forest and land sectors in Indonesia would not become emission factors but become carbon absorbers in 2030. The things to realize are deforestation reduction and degradation. These needs appreciation and supports to implement. But the ambition should be reflected in Indonesia’s NDC which will be renewed in 2022 (Second Updated NDC),” Program Officer of Forest and Climate, Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Yosi Amelia said, as in the official statement to InfoSAWIT.

The government decided a policy of Nilai Ekonomi Karbon (NEK) to realize Indonesia’s NDC and to control development emission. “Knowing that it is urget to get emission reduction in its development, NEK should be a priority to the real actions to get emission reduction from the atmosphere – including what the indigenous and local people as the forest guards, do – and should not depend on offset which has no clear, tight, and transparent regulations which can cut off other climate ambitions,” Yosi said.

IPCC report also mentioned that to maximize mitigation potential in AFOLU sectors, it needs direct policy in dealing with emission and encourage mitigation option – in land base implementation – such as, by implementing and respecting tenant rights and forest cultivation in people – base.

Program Officer Green Development Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, Resni Soviyana said that the regional governments as one non – party stakeholders are the keys to implement emission reduction actions in their territory. To accelerate the climate change target realization, the regional governments got their mandate to be active in mitigation and climate change adaptation, play their roles to execute NEK as it is written in President’s Regulation Number 98 / 2021.

“In specific, President’s Regulation of NEK obliges the provincial governments to arrange the baseline, target, action plans to GHG emission reduction, deliver development, inventory, monitor, report the GHG emission control action. But to execute the mandates, it is significant to confirm the harmony between the regional and national policies, ability escalation and capacity in the regions to arrange sustainable plans, reinforcement of green fund sources, involvement of other multi-sector both academy and private sectors to conduct low carbon development and climate endurance,” she said.

Program Officer Biofuel Yayasan Madani Berkelanjutan, M. Arief Virgy multiplied, New Renewable Energy Draft could be one strategic chance of Indonesia to encourage energy transition from fossil to renewable energy, including vegetable fuel as the energy transition.

“But to get equal vegetable fuel policy nationally with Indonesia’s climate commitment achievement, and zero emission, New Renewable Energy Draft needs to regulate social, environmental, and sustainable principle fulfillment in vegetable fuel development both in the upstream and in downstream sectors, prioritize commodity diversification of material by emphasizing to second generation or waste vegetable fuel technology advantage,” he said. (T2)