InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – Palm oil development is not the same with twenty years ago. The tight regulations and limited areas are the factors why palm oil is cultivated in the third – class areas, such as, hilly and sandy. Could the areas produce better productivity?
It is not easy to develop palm oil plantations. For example, the plantations developed in 2000s face kinds of challenges because they are cultivated on the second and more class area, or hilly and sandy (spodic) areas
The limited areas to cultivate palm oil do not make the planters disappointed. It is proven that some innovations come up to solve the limit.
It is like what one palm oil plantation company does, Bumitama Gunajaya Agro (BGA) Group. The company develops the plantations where 45% of the areas are marginal, hilly and sandy.
“45 percent are the third-class areas within lack of cultivation adjustment. To have high production, we intervened some factors, then eliminated, and the result, we could change the class of the areas,” Productivity & Quality Improvement Controller Head, Bumitama Gunajaya Agro Group, Mohamad Zazali recently said InfoSAWIT in Jakarta.
To face the ‘less good’ areas, he continued, his side kept doing researches and test to solve it.
They should understand the limited factors to develop the plantations. There were two things they did, such as, managing the delimiter factors and controlling the factors which decrease the productivity.
The delimiter factors were type of areas, climate and weather, the contour of areas, and the materials (seeds). He thought that the delimiter factors could not be changed and it is natural. But there are treatments to anticipate them.
By managing the delimiters, every issue in the field is under-control and gives the positives to palm oil plantation, for example, about the weather – it was about giving information when the dry or rainy season would be to give description about the cultivation and how to anticipate. It means that when the dry season comes, the plantations would not be lack of water and when the rainy season, they are not in flood.
Besides delimiter factor, there are deduction factors, such as, nutrients, land moisture, canopy management, land condition, erosion, water management, and pest control. The factors could be controlled and managed.
The control and management of deduction factors must be done to support the cultivation. For example, the right doze of fertilizer application to the nutrients (the standard and calibrated doze), the right way (spread, sow or sow array (u-shape), right place (around the tree or the sides of trees), right time (not in the heavy rainy season or long dry season or not in flood or when the soil around the tree is clean) and right sequence (according to the sequence of fertilization, deficiency of nutrients, paying attention to antagonist and synergy).
Besides the two factors, he continued, the other factor to notice is the loss of results and loss in the factory. But the two could be controlled and managed too.
Source: InfoSAWIT, April 2019