InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – According to Statistik Kelapa Sawit data of Ministry of Agriculture in 2020, palm oil plantation productivity in national scale in 2018 reached about 3,6 tons crude palm oil (CPO) per hectare per year.
This is much lower than palm oil plantation real productivity. In addition, palm oil seeds that Pusat Penelitian Kelapa Sawit (PPKS) produces could be 7,8 tons CPO per hectare per year in 1990-2010.
Minister of Agriculture in 2000-2004, Bungaran Saragih said, to escalate palm oil plantation productivity, there are two strategies to do, they are, partial productivity, which means, it is about to improve managerial existing plantation/technical culture; and the second, total factor productivity which means, changing variety and managerial technical culture or replanting.
“Including by adjusting certain target. Partial productivity is in yet productive plantation and productive plantation while total factor productivity is in old trees,” Saragih said in online webinar with the theme “Upaya Mempercepat Peningkatan Produksi dan Produktivitas Sawit Nasional yang Berkelanjutan Menuju Indonesia Emas”, that InfoSAWIT joined, Wednesday (22/12/2021).
PPKS estimated that in 2021, about 14% plantations are old while the rests, 86% are yet productive and productive ones. By the composition, the two strategies should simultaneously be running.
But in the second strategies (total factor productivity), it needs to substitute old trees by planting superior/certified seeds.
Data from PPKS (2021), the old trees lay about 2,1 million hectares. Smallholders’ plantations lay about 929,5 thousand hectares, PTPN’s plantations about 207,7 thousand hectares and private plantations about 1,06 million hectares.
“The stretegies cover replanting in qualified and best variety by improving technical culture in sophisticated innovation and technology process in mills,” Saragih said. (T2)