InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – Plantation sub sectors are the main contributors to exchange in agriculture. In 2020, agricultural exports reached Rp 451,8 billion. The biggest contributors were plantation subsectors reaching 94% and the biggest one was palm oil.
General Director in duty of Plantation, Ministry of Agriculture, Ali Jamil is proud of the achievement. Everyone is proud of plantation exports. “But on the other hand, we need to think harder. After palm oil, what else to get to be as good as palm oil? Is it rubber, cocoa, coffee, coconut?” he said in the ‘Hari Perkebunan’ commemoration that Media Perkebunan conducted with the theme “Pemulihan Ekonomi Perkebunan Pasca Pandemi”, Friday (17/12/2021) in Jakarta.
He also mentioned, nowadays palm oil plantations happen for years of development, since 1910s. It has been 111 years. By government’s policies in the previous periods, such as, PBSN, PIR, and others, nowadays generations can enjoy the glory of palm oil.
But it needs to develop others. Cocoa, for instance – laying about 1,5 million hectares, Indonesia is the third biggest producer in the world. “It is not a pride for having the areas. Our productivity is much smaller than others,” he said.
Ali Jamil also takes stakeholders to arrange plantation development road map to be, at least, the same with palm oil. They should not let it to Ministry of Agriculture. It needs consideration, input, and action from other components in society.
The other sample is coconut. Many years ago, Indonesia was copra, coconut milk, coconut powder, coconut charcoal exporter. Lay about 3,6 million hectares delivers fact that the productivity gets more decreasing. It needs to substitute the exports, not copra or coconut in raw materials. Ministry of Agriculture developed coconut business in small and medium scales. They exported 12 – 15 coconut products.
Palm oil plantations getting bigger happen for many big companies involve in. Not many or only few companies involve in other commodities. If there are few, they are not as big as palm oil companies. The expenditure is not enough to develop non-palm oil commodities. It is clear.
The government has kredit usaha rakyat (KUR) program to fund agricultural sectors. From Rp 70 billion allocation in this year, the realization reached Rp 83 billion and the biggest sector is plantation, reaching Rp 30 billion. “I take every stakeholder to join to get KUR and increase productivity. Cocoa, coffee, coconut need to increase their productivity,” he said.
There are vast areas to develop plantation sectors. By 2021, Ministry of Environment and Forestry allocates 12 million hectares to social forestry program. The realization reached 5 million hectares. The numbers are not palm oil only, but also for cocoa, coffee, coconut, nutmeg, and others. The period will be for 35 years and could be extended.
General in Chief of Media Perkebunan, Gamal Nasir told, the world is uncertain when Covid-19 hits. Fertilizer supply in the world is about to decrease because producer countries reduce their exports. The result is that fertilizers get more expensive in the globe. In Indonesia, the smallholders get the impacts and scream out loud. They have to face the situation.
“It needs to prepare efficiency in the upstream and increase downstream sectors. Just like Vice President said, do not export the raw materials,” the former General Director of Plantation, said.
In the same occasion, Media Perkebunan gave awards to seed producers and directly handed over by Ali Jamil. One of the producers is Pusat Penelitian Kelapa Sawit (PPKS) as the best producer and pro people. The award was accepted by Edwin Syahputra Lubis, the Head of PPKS. (T2)