InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA – General Directorate of Plantation (GDP) Ministry of Agriculture keeps trying to deal with everything in to prevent something happening in plantation sectors, such as, palm oil, rubber, cocoa, coffee, coconuts, and others facing La Nina or hard rain.
Minister of Agriculture, Syahrul Yasin Limpo always reminded his officers to be highly aware of intensive high rain since the late of 2021 to the early of 2022 and should immediately conduct warning or prevention to agricultural commodity to secure food supply.
High rain intensity in some regions in Indonesia, and natural disasters caused by La Nina will raise impacts to the sustainability of agriculture namely plantations.
Geophysics, Climatology, and Meteorology Agency (GCMA), in October 2021 forecasted that that the rainy peak season in Indonesia would be in January to February 2022. To what GCMA forecasted, Ministry of Agriculture is ready and immediately deal with commodities, namely in plantation sub sectors to have good quality heading to natural condition.
In general, plantation commodities, according to Director of Plantation Protection, Ardi Praptono, were planted in dry areas, higher ground, and have different characteristic from food plantations or horticulture where the plantation commodities have stronger roots.
“If natural disaster happens caused by La Nina, such as, flood, wind, slide, massive flood, and plant pest organism, there will be no significant effects to plantations but to the production,” Andi said in Jakarta Thursday (18/11/2021) as in the official statement to InfoSAWIT.
La Nina negative impacts to plantation sub sector in Indonesia are, there will be increasing plant pest organism attack, namely diseases from fungus, rat attack, and decreasing production quality namely if plantations or peat are in flood.
If they are not well cultivated, namely in rainy season, it will be potential to be in flood but will be in flame in dry season.
Not only that, plantation commodities that develop in high ground and around extremely slope areas will potentially be erosion if the rain is too intense.
La Nina positive impacts in plantation sectors are to provide water or fulfill embankment, trench, and others. This will optimize irrigation. Rain will provide enough water in the soil and the planting could immediately be planted.
The programs from General Directorate of Plantation (GNP) to deal with La Nina impacts are about to conduct integrated pest control for plantation commodities, do natural control agent secondary metabolism, do integrated control through application system at GDP website, such as, SinTa, and Avi My Darling.
To know soil water, GDP is in cooperation with GCMA and Balitklimat Research and Development Department of Ministry of Agriculture to develop Sistem Informasi Rencana Tanam dan Infrastruktur Air Perkebunan untuk Komoditas Utama (SIRAMI KEBUNKU).
“Ministry of Agriculture through GDP does phenomenon anticipation strategies in plantation sub sector in facing La Nina by conducting mitigation and adaptation,” Ardi said.
He also mentioned, adaptation will be focusing to adaptive technology application, such as, planting pattern adjustment, water, fertilizer, area cultivation and application technology, and others.
Mitigation is about series of activity to minimize natural disaster risks both by physical development, and consciousness or ability enhancement in facing natural threats, such as, anticipation (before disaster), when happening (emergency), and after disaster.
Adaptation and mitigation by GDP are in plantation areas to develop embankment, biopore holes, breeding goats, and make organic village in plantation commodity – base.
“It needs continuous and sustainable coordination from many related instances, such as, GCMA, Ministry of Agriculture, Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB) and also field officers in the regions to deal with natural disaster caused by La Nina. It also needs to conduct evaluation of disaster troubled area mapping and continuous improvement,” he said.
He hoped, the implementation of the improvement could help planters to face La Nina phenomenon and plantation commodities are available, secured, and in good quality to always have competitiveness. (T2)