InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA –The ultimate condition to increase domestic added value is to empower upstream industry which is palm oil plantations. Realizing sustainable plantations will be easier to develop downstream industries because material supply is part of its success.
One initiative from the government is by conducting smallholders replanting program (SRP). As national strategic program, SRP is about to increase plantation productivity and maintain plantation width. By increasing productivity, there will be increasing harvest production by optimizing the areas.
The Government of Indonesia targeted, SRP would cover 540 thousand hectares in 2020 – 2022. It will be in many regions, such as, Sumatera about 397.200 hectares (ha), Java about 6.000 ha, Kalimantan about 86.300 ha, Sulawesi about 44.500 ha, and Papua about 600 ha. In 2021, the target of SRP lays about 180 thousand ha that will be having fund support Rp 30 million/ha, within 4 ha maximally for every smallholder. In fact, SRP that the government proposed faces issues.
Executive Director of Indonesian Palm Oil Association, Mukti Sardjono said, the issues area, smallholders’ plantations within less productivity are massive to get SRP while annual target of SRP should lay about 180 thousand ha.
Mukti also mentioned, SRP fund about Rp 30 million would be enough until the first yet productive – plantation. “The question remains, what about fund to the first productive plantation? Where do the smallholder get the fund in unproductive-time?” he said in webinar Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Sawit Berkelanjutan Vol. 10, with the theme “Mendukung Pemberdayaan Perkebunan Sawit Rakyat”, that InfoSAWIT conducted, Thursday (18/11/2021).
The other issue is the legal namely plantations that have been identified in forest regions because some plantations were the former areas of perkebunan inti rakyat (PIR) and transmigration. Sadly, Undang-Undang Cipta Kerja just regulates, people’s plantations should be less than 5 ha and they should live around theirs. “What about those having plantations far from their living? What about area purchasing/substitution of ownership (former PIR), and what about the factories having no plantations?” he asked.
Mukti also mentioned, IPOA has done series of activity by making SRP acceleration taskforce. It involves IPOA branches to conduct assessment, potential area mapping, those who want to join SRP around the branches, and do update of replanting progress.
IPOA is also the member of Data Reinforcement Working Group and Planter Capacity Enhancement led by Coordinator Ministry in Economy, actively does regular coordination to SRP acceleration with Coordinator Ministry in Economy, General Directorate of Plantation, suggest input to the government about simple policy to proposal process and SRP fund acceleration.
“We do cooperate with smallholders/planters’ association to SRP acceleration (partnership is conducted by making memorandum of understanding, focus group discussion, others, monitoring, updating regularly, namely for IPOA members by conducting regional and central meeting,” Mukti said. (T2)