InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA - Founder and Chairman of Yayasan PEKKA, Nani Zulminarni said that the female workers always face ‘no option’ when having negotiation. The weakest group in palm oil plantation worker should sacrifice their needs to get agreement from certain parts. “The concept of capitalist companies is that the freelancers are parts of the production but they are not partners,” she said.
This happens for the condition, such as, there many workers to get in Indonesia. Having additional numbers about Rp 10 to Rp 30 thousand, the female workers who are as the housewives really need it. The capital owner knew this to minimize the production cost as small as possible to get the profits.
Who would be responsible on this? Nani told that the government should be responsible for having the authority to implement the policies and legal and or make the new regulation which never published.
“We have the Laws about Worker Protection and in more sensitive perspective, the gender. But the government does not regulate the workers in the nursery and fertilizer sectors,” she said.
The government published regulation about female workers protection based on Chapter 28D, paragraph 2, UUD 1945, saying that ‘everyone has rights to work and get payment and fair treatment in the work circumstance. According to Beijing Platform for Action (1995) and The Convention of the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1984 obliged the country and government not to do discrimination practices to the female namely in the employment.
According to Koalisi Buruh Sawit (KBS), there have been 18 million labors in the plantations. Half of the numbers are female and mostly freelancers.
Central Bureau of Statistic revealed the Employment in Indonesia in February 2020, the female working as the freelancer reached 1,8 million and the female who worked as house wife or no payment reached 7,6 million.
Deputy Assistant of Female Rights in the Labor, Ministry of Female Empowerment and Children Protection (MFECP) Indonesian Republic, Rafail Walangitan said that the issues about the female workers in the palm oil plantations are the health and work safety protection which are not standard yet;
There is no agreement between the female and the company/landlord; unfulfilled rights in reproduction sector, such as, no rights to holidays when being pregnant, after giving birth, miscarriage, and feeding the baby. Their salary is not the same with the overload work hour.
There might be no facility for their children to play when they work and no transportation to work. “According to the Attachment of Laws No. 23 / 2014 about the Regional Government, MFECP has its authority in the female protection sub sector,” Rafail said in online seminar held by Pusat Kajian Gender dan Anak (PKGA), IPB which InfoSAWIT did attend in the end of August 2020. (T2)