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EU: Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF), Palm Oil and Soybean Are Not Qualified

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EU: Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF), Palm Oil and Soybean Are Not Qualified

InfoSAWIT, BRUSSEL – Member of European Parliament (MEP) came to a conclusion for new regulation to intensify terms and condition of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) in European Union (EU) on 13 September 2023.

The regulation which is part of ReFuelEU initiative and included in Fit for 55 packages, would be about to reduce green-house gas emission, at least, 55 percent in 2030 and realize net zero in 2050. The decision would be the big leap to support more sustainable aviation fuel source.

In July 2022, the first regulation draft was adopted and in April 2023, European Parliament announced to get political agreement on ReFuelEU proposal. Now after European Parliament officially approved it, this would be the obligation for airport and aviation fuel suppliers in the continent to make sure that minimally 2 percent of aviation fuel should be ‘environmental’ in 2025 within phasing escalation up to 70 percent in 2050.

As InfoSAWIT quoted from Ethanol Producer, the regulation would determine kinds of source to be used in aviation fuel. Synthetic fuel, biofuel from agricultural and forest residue, algae, natural waste, used palm cooking oil, certain vegetable fats, and jet fuel from gas and plastic wastes that were recycled would be taken as ‘environmental’. Unfortunately, palm oil and soybean are not qualified in ‘sustainable’ criteria and banned to be used in the program.

ReFuelEU program would cover the introduction of aviation performance label that would start in 2025. Every airline company can market their label that shows carbon track per passenger and efficient CO2 per kilometer. This is about to deliver information for them about environmental performance from the aviation operated by many airlines.

Meanwhile, palm oil industries particularly in Malaysia responded that they have side products, for instance, palm oil mill effluent (POME) and palm oil fatty acid distillate (PFAD), as the sources for sustainable aviation fuel.

Though some protection lobbies are against palm oil use in aviation industries globally, including aviation test proposed by Boeing, SAF would be used as fast as it could by using palm oil side products as the materials. (T2)