119 Integrated Indigenous Regional Maps Cover 20,7 Million Hectares

119 Integrated Indigenous Regional Maps Cover 20,7 Million Hectares

InfoSAWIT, JAKARTA - Badan Registrasi Wilayah Adat (BRWA) regularly improves data of “Status Pengakuan Wilayah Adat di Indonesia” twice a year, which takes place on Hari Kebangkitan Masyarakat Adat Nusantara in March and Hari Internasional Masyarakat Adat Sedunia in this August. 

The data renewal was from data process written on Sistem Registrasi Wilayah Adat in BRWA. The system covers the phase data record, registration, verification and certication of indigenous region. Compared to March data, the registered indigenous regions expanded 3,1 million hectares. The biggest expansion happened in dari District of Malinau, North Kalimantan Province which laid up to 2,1 million hectares and District of Jayapura, Papua Province about 0,9 million hectares. The rests were from many other regions. 

“In this August BRWA registered 1.119 integrated indigenous regions that laid up to 20,7 million hectares. The maps are in 29 provinces and 142 districts/cities,” Data and Information Division of BRWA, Ariya Dwi Cahya said, as in the official statement to InfoSAWIT, Tuesday (9/8/2022).

He also told, 189 indigenous regions laid about 3,1 million hectares and admitted by the regional regulation and decision of province or districts/cities. While the indigenous areas which do not admitted as indigenous areas laid about 17,7 million hectares. It means, it is only 15% of indigenous areas that the regional governments admitted.

The admission of the government on indigenous people’s rights on the forests and indigenous areas is not good enough. “From what we knew, Ministry of Environment and Forestry does not publish decision of indigenous forests ever since President Joko Widodo handed over to the ministry in Toba Lake in February 2022,” Head of BRWA, Kasmita Widodo said.

Kasmita also mentioned, there have been 89 indigenous forests that laid about 75.783 hectares. The latest information from West Kalimantan BRWA, Ministry of Environment and Forestry technically verified indigenous forests in District of Melawi and District of Sintang. “But until the press released broadcasted, we did not get any latest information about the width of the indigenous forests that Ministry of Environment and Forestry decided,” Kasmita said.

Ministry of Agrarian Affairs/National Land Agency (MAA/NLA) has no mechanism to register indigenous areas for the indigenous people. MAA/NLA does not still do its work to register indigenous regions though Pendaftaran Tanah Sistematis Lengkap (PTSL) should cover indigenous areas registration.

“The sectoral ego among Ministry of Environment and Forestry, MAA/NLA, Ministry of Marine and Fishery and the regulations make no progress of indigenous region registration. It is impossible for the indigenous people to register their region to MAA/NLA if the regions are out of the forest regions. The indigenous people should face, at least, three ministries to confess their regions,” he said.

For Indigenous People Regulation Draft is not officially validated yet, the legal and policy to admit indigenous people should refer to sectoral regulations and regional policies in the form of regional regulation and decision of every head of region. The process to admit indigenous people and regions should involve many parties besides the indigenous people themselves. That is why the active roles of central and regional governments is crucial and so is the development from civil organization for the indigenous people. (T2)